Socialist states care for the environment, if private owners can bear the cost. Rightly they want to protect nature, but unfortunately using coercive means.
If you inherit a parcel with trees, or if you allow trees to grow, you cannot just cut them down. You need consent from your local authorities. Even if it’s quick and cheap to obtain, it’s still mandatory or you can get a fine for cutting down your own tree.
That’s because having a tree in the immediate environment is advantageous to the society as a whole. Trees protect people against dust and gases, accumulate water, regulate temperature, and allow life of worms, birds and other animals.
So it’s fair to incentivise tree ownership… but it’s not fair to punish people for getting rid of one’s private tree! A better approach would be to compensate those that own trees, because they are environmentally productive. But how can we do that without coercing the rest of populace to pay more taxes?
Simply by accounting for positive environmental effects of trees as dust/smoke collectors, and taking that money away from polluters. It will provide incentive to plant trees and clean the air, as well as incentive to mitigate pollution on the polluters side. It will also improve public health, and lessen direct damages to health, because dust (and money) will from from polluters to the owners of trees (instead of only from polluters to the owners of lungs).
Freedom to plant and cut down trees is always good. Biomass is a great source of energy. But disallowing someone to cut down a tree is invasion of property. Even if property is prettier due to this invasion… how would you feel being forced to exercise, or to a plastic surgery, or to collect trash from the streets?
I would feel bad… innocent people should not be forced to do anything.